how do you donate blood platelets

by Rosa Hackett 9 min read

Here's how:
  1. Platelets can only be donated at select American Red Cross Donation Centers and it requires an appointment. ...
  2. Platelet donation uses a machine to extract just your platelets and then returns the rest of your blood back to you.
  3. From start to finish, it takes about three hours to donate platelets.

Is it painful to donate platelets?

Does donating platelets hurt? Will it make me feel sleepy? Most people say they only feel a slight pinch of the needle at the start of the donation. Because platelet donors get their oxygen-carrying red cells back, donors report feeling less tired than after giving blood.

What disqualifies you from donating platelets?

What Conditions Would Make You Ineligible to Be a Donor? You will not be eligible to donate blood or platelets if you: Have tested positive for hepatitis B or hepatitis C, lived with or had sexual contact in the past 12 months with anyone who has hepatitis B or symptomatic hepatitis C.

Is it better to donate platelets or whole blood?

Platelets are blood cells that help stop bleeding. And while a whole-blood donation can be broken into components, one of which is platelets, for patient usage, a unit from apheresis platelet donation can yield approximately six times the number of platelets compared to whole-blood-derived platelet donations.Dec 2, 2015

Is donating platelets good for you?

A donation of platelets can help people who have issues related to clotting. It may also provide antibodies to help fight a disease, such as COVID-19. Giving blood can be a life saving action, but it may also have benefits for the donor.

What blood type is best for donating platelets?

type ABAll blood types, except for type O negative and type B negative, are encouraged to try platelet donation. Type O negative and type B negative can make the most impact for patients in need by continuing to give whole blood or a Power Red donation. If you are type AB you can make the most impact by donating plasma.

Do platelets need to match blood type?

Platelets are not as type specific as red blood cells, meaning that most patients can accept platelets from donors with any blood type, regardless of the patient's blood type. Since platelets only last for FIVE days, they are always needed by patients.

How long does it take to recover from platelet donation?

It doesn't take long to recover after giving platelets as your body replaces platelets quickly, usually within 48 hours. Don't forget to book your next appointment at the welcome desk before you leave or by calling 0300 123 23 23.

What is the best blood type to have?

Type O negativeType O negative red blood cells are considered the safest to give to anyone in a life-threatening emergency or when there's a limited supply of the exact matching blood type. That's because type O negative blood cells don't have antibodies to A, B or Rh antigens.Jul 28, 2020

How many calories do you burn donating platelets?

No, blood donation won't become a weight loss fad any time soon. However, researchers at the University of California, San Diego have found that you can lose up to 650 calories per pint of blood donated.Jun 25, 2018

What are the side effects of giving platelets?

Most donors feel fine after donating blood or platelets, but a small number of people may experience an upset stomach, feel faint or dizzy, or have bruising, redness or pain where the needle was inserted. It's helpful to drink extra fluids for 48 hours following your donation.

Are plasma and platelets the same thing?

Platelets and plasma are two components of blood. Platelets are a type of blood cells, involved in blood clotting. Plasma is the straw-colored liquid in which the blood cells and other substances are suspended in. The main difference between platelets and plasma is the role of each component in the blood.Jan 1, 2018

Why do they check your elbows when donating plasma?

Because arteries have higher blood pressure than veins, a puncture can lead to bleeding into the arm tissues around the puncture site. The signs of an arterial puncture include a faster blood flow and lighter-than-usual color of blood running through the tubes to the machine collecting your plasma.

What Is Different About Donating Platelets and How Long Does It take?

It is now easier, and in many cases faster, to donate platelets. Only one of your arms is used to withdraw blood, separate out the platelets, and r...

Why Do Some Cancer Patients Need Platelets?

Some cancer treatments cause a loss of platelets. These specialized blood cells help control blood clotting. When platelet levels fall too low, pat...

Is It Safe to Donate Platelets?

Yes, it is safe to donate platelets. All needles and supplies used to collect platelets are sterile, disposable, and used only once — for you — bef...

Are There Any Special Instructions I Should Follow Before Donating Platelets?

You should eat a regular meal and drink plenty of fluids one to two hours before donating platelets. We also suggest that you increase your consump...

How Often Can I Donate Platelets?

You can donate platelets once within a seven-day period. You may donate up to six times in an eight-week period and 24 times a year.

Can I Give Whole Blood and Also Be A Platelet Donor?

Yes. Donor eligibility criteria are the same for both platelet and whole blood donors. You can donate platelets 7 days after donating whole blood....

Why do people need platelets?

When platelet levels fall too low, patients may need a transfusion of platelets to replenish their supply and prevent life-threatening hemorrhages. Some patients, especially those who have had a bone marrow transplant or who are being treated for leukemia, may require daily platelet transfusions for several weeks.

Can you donate platelets after donating whole blood?

Yes. Donor eligibility criteria are the same for both platelet and whole blood donors. You can donate platelets 7 days after donating whole blood. If you donate platelets first, you can donate whole blood 7 days later.

Do you have to wear a mask at MSK?

Masks Are Still Required at MSK. Patients and visitors must continue to wear masks while at MSK, including people who are fully vaccinated. MSK is offering COVID-19 vaccines to all patients age 12 and over. To schedule or learn more, read this. About Us /.

What are platelets used for?

Platelets, which come from the bone marrow, help to induce clotting and control bleeding. Patients who have been treated for leukemia with chemotherapy, for example, will often need to transfused with platelets. Here are a couple other fun facts about platelets: 1 Platelets are also called thrombocytes. 2 Platelets are the smallest of the blood components and can only be seen under a microscope. 3 Platelets have two states, active and non-active. Non-active platelets are shaped like small plates but when a blood vessel is damaged, the platelet receives a signal and rushes to the area to transform into its active state. In the active state, the platelet grows long spider-like tentacles that bind to the vessel, cause a clot, and stop the bleeding.

What is the smallest blood component?

Platelets are the smallest of the blood components and can only be seen under a microscope. Platelets have two states, active and non-active. Non-active platelets are shaped like small plates but when a blood vessel is damaged, the platelet receives a signal and rushes to the area to transform into its active state.

Can you donate more than one blood product?

As some of you may already know (and some of you may not!), you can actually donate more than one type of blood product. When you think about blood donation, most people probably first think of whole blood (when a person gives one pint of their blood). But another equally important type of donation is platelet donation.

Why do we need platelets?

Millions of Americans need platelet donations to survive and fight cancer, chronic diseases, or traumatic injuries. According to studies done by the National Cancer Institute in 2018, an estimated 1,735,350 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in the U.S. Play Video. Importance of Platelet Donation Explained by Pediatric Oncologist.

How many platelets are transfused in a year?

For millions of Americans, they are essential to surviving and fighting cancer, chronic diseases, and traumatic injuries. About 2 million units of platelets are transfused each year in the U.S.

What is the function of platelets?

Platelets are colorless cell fragments called thrombocytes. Their main function is to stick to the lining of blood vessels and stop bleeding. The process of clotting begins if one of your blood vessels gets damaged. The vessel sends out signals that are picked up by platelets.

Does chemo affect platelets?

Some types of chemotherapy can damage bone marrow, which lowers the production of platelets. Cancers such as leukemia and lymphoma attack the bone marrow as well.

How often can you donate platelets?

You can donate platelets every 7 days and can give up to 24 times a year. If you have donated whole blood, you must wait at least 7 days before you can donate platelets.

What are the best days to donate platelets?

In routine circumstances, the best days to donate platelets are Friday, Saturday, Sunday and Monday to meet hospital needs. In times of critical need, the best day to donate platelets is today.

Donation Methods

Let your blood type lead the way to donate your powerful lifesaving gift.

What is platelet donation?

Platelet donation (plateletpheresis) During plateletpheresis, only platelets are collected. Platelets help blood to clot and are commonly given to people with cancer or scheduled for major surgery. To donate platelets, you must meet all of the requirements for whole blood donation, and also: Have donated whole blood at Mayo Clinic ...

How often can you donate blood?

You may donate platelets as often as every eight days, and up to 24 times in a 12-month period. Platelets from a whole blood donation or apheresis are good for only five days.

What is double red cell donation?

Double red cell donation. During double red cell donation, two units of red cells are collected. Red cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body. Red cells are typically given to people with sickle cell anemia or significant blood loss due to trauma or surgery.

What is plasmapheresis used for?

Plasma is commonly given to people in emergency and trauma situations to help stop bleeding. To donate plasma, you must meet all of the requirements for whole blood donation.