how to donate a kidney to a family member

by Zoila Hettinger 5 min read

If you want to give your kidney to a friend or family member, talk to the doctor at the transplant center. You'll start taking tests to see if you're a match. If you want to give a kidney to someone you don't know, contact your nearest transplant center. You can find out if they have a nondirected donor program.Dec 7, 2020

What makes a person decide to donate a kidney?

Abstract. When a relative needs a kidney to survive, family members often impulsively offer to donate one without stopping to consider the physical, emotional, and financial ramifications, which can be considerable. The family's primary care physician can be very helpful in guiding and educating potential donors and, by arranging for screening to be done in the community, can …

What are the pros and cons of donating a kidney?

Then follow these steps: Select "Transplant Centers by Organ" under Member 
 Type Select "Kidney" for Organ Type Select your state or region

Should we pay people to donate their kidneys?

To donate a kidney, you must be in good physical and mental health.As a general rule, you should be 18 years or older.You must also have normal kidney function.There are some medical conditions that could prevent you from being a living donor.These include having uncontrolled high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, HIV, hepatitis, or acute infections.Having a serious …

What are the steps to donating a kidney?

You can also consider being a living kidney donor. Living donation takes place when a living person donates an organ or part of an organ to someone in need of a transplant. The donor is most often a close family member, such as a parent, child, brother or sister. A donor can also be a more distant family member, spouse, friend or co-worker.

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Are family members a match for kidney transplant?

Siblings have a 25% chance of being an "exact match" for a living donor and a 50% chance of being a "half-match." Donor compatibility is established through blood tests that look for matching blood types and antigens. The overall health of the potential donor is also of critical importance.

Are family members good kidney donors?

You don't have to be related to someone to donate a kidney to them. In fact, one in four living organ donors is not biologically related to the recipient (the person who receives a donated organ). Spouses, in-laws, close friends, church members, and even members of the same community can all be living donors.

Can you get a kidney from a family member?

The kidney may come from a deceased organ donor or from a living donor. Family members or others who are a good match may be able to donate one of their kidneys. This type of transplant is called a living transplant. People who donate a kidney can live healthy lives with one healthy kidney.

What are the requirements for a kidney donor?

To donate a kidney, you must be in good physical and mental health.As a general rule, you should be 18 years or older. You must also have normal kidney function. There are some medical conditions that could prevent you from being a living donor.

Does donating a kidney shorten your life?

Living donation does not change life expectancy, and does not appear to increase the risk of kidney failure. In general, most people with a single normal kidney have few or no problems; however, you should always talk to your transplant team about the risks involved in donation.

Why you should not donate a kidney?

Medical possible long-term cons People can get certain health problems after donating: About 18% of donors (about 1 in 5) get high blood pressure. About 5% (1 in 20) get chronic kidney disease. 4% (less than 1 in 20) get diabetes within 5 years of donating.

Who is most likely to be a kidney match?

Because of the way chromosomes/DNA are inherited or passed down in a family, a parent and child would have at least a 50 percent chance of matching, siblings could have a zero to 100 percent match, and unrelated donors would be less likely to match at all.

What disqualifies you from getting a kidney transplant?

Among those disqualified were those who were obese, those who were excessive drinkers (more than four drinks a day), and those with diabetes, skin cancer, high blood pressure, HIV, coronary artery disease or congestive heart failure.Nov 14, 2014

Can a female donate kidney to male?

Conclusions. Our results suggested gender matching for kidney transplant. Only in some exceptional conditions, male donor to female recipient kidney transplant may be successful and female donors to male recipients are not suggested, especially in aged patients with the history of dialysis.Jan 6, 2020

Can anyone donate a kidney to anyone else?

Who Can I Give My Kidney To? You can donate a kidney to a family member or friend who needs one. You can also give it to someone you don't know. Doctors call this a “nondirected” donation, in which case you might decide to meet the person you donate to, or choose to stay anonymous.Dec 7, 2020

Do you know someone who needs a transplant?

If you want to donate to someone you know, such as a family member, friend, or someone in your community, your first step is to contact the transplant hospital where they’re waiting for a transplant.

Or, do you want to donate to anyone who needs a transplant?

If you don’t know anyone who needs a transplant, and are willing to consider donating to anyone, you have several options:

National Kidney Registry

We are the largest paired exchange program in the world and provide unequaled Donor Shield® protections for our donors including reimbursement for lost wages, travel & lodging. Our Family Voucher Program also protects donors’ families in the event a family member ever needs a transplant.

Find a Transplant Center

You can also contact a transplant center in your area to ask about being a living donor. To find a list of all transplant centers in the U.S., visit the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) website. Then follow these steps:

How to be a living donor?

Being a living organ donor isn't as simple as having blood tests to see if you are a match to the potential recipient. You need to be emotionally and physically well in order to successfully donate an organ. Potential donors should: 2 . Be healthy with no major medical problems. Be height-weight proportionate.

What is paired donation?

A paired donation happens when a person who needs a transplant is not a match to the person who is eligible to donate. The pair is then matched with a similar couple, who also do not match each other. An example is this: Recipient A and his spouse, Donor A, do not match. Recipient B and his spouse, Donor B, do not match each other.

How old do you have to be to be a sailor?

Be height-weight proportionate. Have no history of diabetes, high blood pressure, or heart disease. Be an adult under the age of 65. Have a compatible blood type. Have no mental problems that would interfere with decision-making skills.

Can you donate kidneys to a living donor?

A patient’s best chance for a transplant, without the extended wait, is to find a donor from their family or a friend. Kidneys are not the only organ that can be donated by a living donor; liver segments, lung segments, and intestine segments can be donated by a relative. This type of donation decreases the wait for a transplant, ...

How old do you have to be to be a living kidney donor?

If you’d like to be a living kidney donor, are healthy, and are between the ages of 18–69, contact a member of our living kidney donor team. Remember, living kidney donation saves lives.

How long after donating a kidney can you get pregnant?

Still, women should wait one year after donating a kidney before they get pregnant. This gives your body plenty of time to heal. 9. You can talk to someone who's donated before. Our living kidney donor program can help you speak with someone from our program who has donated a kidney.

What happens after donating blood?

After donating, your remaining kidney will take on the work of both kidneys. 5. Your blood and tissue type must be compatible with your recipient’s. Besides being healthy, living donors must have compatible blood and tissue types with the kidney recipient.

How long do you have to stay in the hospital after kidney transplant?

Your hospital stay will be short and you can get back to work fairly quickly. Most living kidney donors stay in the hospital for five to 10 days. Depending on what you do for work, you can return to work as soon as two weeks or as late as eight weeks after your surgery.

Who is Benjamin Benson?

Benjamin Benson was a teenager when he first thought about donating a kidney to someone in need. He hadn’t known anyone in his life with kidney problems, or in need of an organ transplant, but he knew that you only need one kidney to live. Shortly before his 24th birthday he started looking into how he could make kidney donation a reality.

Can you donate kidneys to someone?

3. You don’t have to be related to someone to donate a kidney to them. In fact, one in four living organ donors is not biologically related to the recipient (the person who receives a donated organ).

What tests are needed for a transplant?

Some tests you will have include: blood tests, urine tests, imaging exams, and. cancer screenings.

What is a living donor?

What is living donation? Living donation takes place when a living person donates an organ (or part of an organ) for transplantation to another person. The living donor can be a family member, such as a parent, child, brother or sister (living related donation).

Why do kidneys need dialysis?

A better genetic match lessens the risk of rejection. A kidney from a living donor usually functions immediately, because the kidney is out of the body for a very short time. Some deceased donor kidneys do not function immediately, and as a result, the patient may require dialysis until the kidney starts to function.

What are the advantages of a kidney transplant?

Kidney transplants performed from living donors may have several advantages compared to transplants performed from deceased donors: 1 Some living donor transplants are done between family members who are genetically similar. A better genetic match lessens the risk of rejection. 2 A kidney from a living donor usually functions immediately, because the kidney is out of the body for a very short time. Some deceased donor kidneys do not function immediately, and as a result, the patient may require dialysis until the kidney starts to function. 3 Potential donors can be tested ahead of time to find the donor who is most compatible with the recipient. The transplant can take place at a time convenient for both the donor and recipient.

Why is my kidney failing?

Sometimes, the kidney is lost to rejection, surgical complications or the original disease that caused the recipient's kidney to fail. Talk to the transplant center staff about their success rates and the national success rates.

What is a direct donation?

Directed donation. This is when the donor names a specific person who will receive the kidney.It is the most common type of living donation.Directed donations are often between blood relatives, like parents, siblings, or children.They can also occur between people with close personal relationships, such as a spouse, friend, or coworker.

What is a living kidney donor?

Living donation takes place when a living person donates an organ or part of an organ to someone in need of a transplant. The donor is most often a close family member, such as a parent, child, brother or sister.

How many people die waiting for a kidney transplant?

Every day 12 people die waiting for a kidney. Organ and tissue donation helps others by giving them a second chance at life.

Who Can I Give My Kidney To?

You can donate a kidney to a family member or friend who needs one. You can also give it to someone you don't know. Doctors call this a “nondirected” donation, in which case you might decide to meet the person you donate to, or choose to stay anonymous. Either way, doctors will give your kidney to the person who needs it most and is the best match.

Am I Healthy Enough to Donate a Kidney?

Your doctor will do some tests to find out for sure. They’ll check your blood and urine, and may also do an ultrasound or take X-rays of your kidneys. You may not be able to donate if you have medical issues like diabetes or high blood pressure.

What Happens After Surgery?

Your doctor will prescribe medications to help manage your pain. They’ll also want you to get up and start moving around shortly afterward.

How Can I Donate?

If you want to give your kidney to a friend or family member, talk to the doctor at the transplant center. You'll start taking tests to see if you're a match.

How many kidneys were transplanted in 2016?

And in 2016, nearly 30 percent of the more than 19,000 kidneys transplanted in the U.S. came from living kidney donors such as Raisa – people with two healthy kidneys who voluntarily have one removed to transplant in someone whose kidneys have failed.

Why did Selena Gomez get a kidney transplant?

Pop singer Selena Gomez revealed personal news in mid-September 2017 that shocked her fans: The 25-year-old had recently received a kidney transplant due to complications of lupus, a chronic autoimmune disease. And the donor?

Can anyone donate a kidney?

But not just anyone can donate a kidney. Stringent screening is required, and potential donors often have a lot of questions about their eligibility and how donation will affect their health in the future. Let’s go through some of the frequently asked questions, as well as risk factors and benefits of living kidney donation.

Is it safe to donate a kidney?

And living kidney donation is incredibly safe for donors – fewer than 1 percent of donors will wind up on dialysis themselves in the future, which is only slightly higher than the average risk of an individual with two healthy kidneys. But not just anyone can donate a kidney.

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Who Can Be A Living Organ Donor

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Being a living organ donor isn't as simple as having blood tests to see if you are a match to the potential recipient. You need to be emotionally and physically well in order to successfully donate an organ. Potential donors should:2 1. Be healthy with no major medical problems 2. Be height-weight proportionate 3. Have no hi
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Testing

  • There is substantial testing required before a person can donate an organ. Psychological testing is performed to ensure that a potential donor is able to understand the decision to donate, the risks of donation and the process of donation. Extensive medical testing is done to protect both the donor and the recipient. For the donor, it is essential that testing shows that they are healthy …
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Options When A Relative Doesn't Match

  • If a relative or spouse who is willing to donate is not a match for donation, a paired donation is an option. A paired donation happens when a person who needs a transplant is not a match to the person who is eligible to donate. The pair is then matched with a similar couple, who also do not match each other. An example is this: Recipient A and his spouse, Donor A, do not match. Recipi…
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Costs

  • If you are considering being an organ donor, it is important to know the costs of donation. The medical expenses associated with donating an organ are paid for by the recipient’s insurance, including hospital bills, testing before surgery and all other medical expenses directly related to the donation. This is true of all types of organ donation. The additional expenses that a living do…
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Coping with A Living Related Donation

  • There are significant emotional issues involved in both donating and receiving an organ, and the ability to cope with those issuesis essential for both the donor and the recipient. It is important to have an open and frank discussion about expectations that the donor and recipient may have, along with concerns and problems, prior to the transplant.
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